Program - CEDR


CEDR is the program within HOPS whose purpose is to organize educational programs/trainings, to document and carry out research. CEDR offers other consultancy services for the preparation, development, monitoring and evaluation: strategies, action plans, projects, programs, seminars, workshops, conferences and study visits.

This program should enable support to the operations of the Advocacy program and the Services program by collecting and analysis of data and documentation which shall provide an updated overview of the condition and the needs of target groups/clients, as well as by the production of documents, studies, reports and proposals for improvement of existing and or introduction of new policies of importance to users. This program should also provide education to institutional representatives, students, journalists, other associations and the personnel of the organization in order to increase their knowledge, but to also strengthen their skills for work with users. The program is realized through three separate program aspects: education, documenting and research.

Target groups: persons engaged in HOPS, associations, foundations, institutions and organizations. 

Program objectives:

  • Systematized data on the needs and practices of marginalized communities and the effects of the existing policies and strategies on marginalized communities.
  • Created tools and recommendations for preparation and implementation of humane and effective policies, programs and strategies for the areas of activity.
  • Strengthened capacities of decision makers, professionals and associations as regards principles, knowledge and practices for working with marginalized communities and promotion of their rights. 
  • Functional program for education and consulting services.


The objective of the education department is strengthened capacities of decision makers, professional and associations regarding the principles, knowledge and practices for working with marginalized communities and promotion of their rights. 

Strengthening capacities of citizens’ associations and informal groups 

To date, HOPS has participated in the capacity building processes of all 11 associations that implement harm reduction or CSW support programs in Macedonia, as well as organizations from Monte Negro, Serbia, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania etc.

More than 100 people from the communities of users and sex workers have been educated for representation of their rights.

Strengthening capacities of the professional staff from institutions and decision makers

In the last 15 years HOPS has organizes over 100 trainings for professionals working on topics related to the work of the organization. These trainings have been attended by over 500 people – social workers, physicians, psychiatrists, infection specialists, medical nurses, psychologists, policemen.

Also, a large number of trainings have been carried out targeting decision makers in appropriate ministries and in local self-governments, as well as trainings for journalists towards the appropriate notification about topics related to drugs, sex work, HIV/AIDS and human rights.

Education of students and young professional staff

The education of young professional staff, above all students, is a special priority of the organization, and in that direction, HOPS has developed cooperation with several faculties for education of students via offering internships or volunteering in the organization. Up to now ca. 200 students have benefited from this cooperation. 

Summer dependences school 

Since 2012, HOPS has been organizing the first summer dependences school in the Republic of Macedonia. This seven-day summer school offers a multi-disciplinary approach towards learning about drug addiction, an approach which takes into consideration social, medical and political questions. The purpose of the summer school is to educate young professional staff working in areas related to drug dependences. The school particularly focuses on drug policy models, evidence based treatments, harm reduction, psychosocial support and the concept of human rights of drug users.

The school is attended by graduates and students from final years of studies from: The Center for social work and social policies within Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje; Faculty of Law within the University „Ss. Cyril and Methodius“ in Skopje; Medical faculty within the University „Ss. Cyril and Methodius“ in Skopje; Faculty of security within the University „Ss. Cyril and Methodius“ in Bitola; postgraduates at these universities and young professional workers who already work in the field of addictions.

Study visits 

HOPS has organized and was the host of a large number of study groups for professional staff from Ministries, Institutions, Associations of citizens, both from Macedonia and from other countries – Russia, Ukraine, Belorussia, Kazakhstan, Serbia, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Monte Negro etc.


The documenting department is engaged in systemizing data for relevant needs, trends and problems of socially marginalized communities, as well as data about the effect of existing policies and strategies on socially marginalized communities. These data are summed up into appropriate data bases, photo, video and an e-library.

Documenting is carried out by ongoing keeping of basic information registries and daily lists for users, documenting their rights’ violations, case studies, documenting events, situations, personal stories, processes in audio, video and photo materials, материјали, making press-clipping from the area of work of the organization, as well as documenting strategic documents issued by other organizations and institutions, relevant for HOPS’s work.

In October 2013 HOPS -- Healthy Options Project Skopje and Coalition "Sexual and Health Rights of Marginalized Communities" published the first issue of the magazine DRUGS -- POLICIES AND PRACTICES. The magazine "Drugs -- Policies and Practices" tends to provide different perspectives on policies and practices related to drugs and drug use, to inform and educate wider audience, to provide wider visibility of drug users and to encourage interdisciplinary dialogue for appropriate and humane solutions of the mentioned societal challenges.

The goal of the issue topic, "Treating drug dependences", is to foster dialogue about the role of patients and to emphasize the need for interdisciplinary approach in treatment of drug dependences.

You can download the magazine at the following link:


From its beginning, HOPS has been developing capacities for research of socially marginalizes groups/communities, for the support of planning new activities and for representation. All research projects have been realized by HOPS and are on a wider or closer level, connected to social, health, legal and cultural aspects of the use of drugs and sex work, and follow the primary orientation of the organization. Striving to fill in the gap in social research regarding socially marginalized groups, HOPS has decided to mobilize its own research potential and put forth to the public all previously mentioned questions, with the hope that it will attract the attention of the professional public and students from social, humanistic, and medical sciences towards studying socially marginalized groups/communities. The increase in knowledge of socially marginalized groups/communities should enable the development of mechanisms for more effective social inclusion and creation of appropriate policies.

So far, the following researches have been realized:

  • 2012. Improving the quality of drug dependence treatment programs in Skopje, financed by the budget of the Republic of Macedonia. 
  • 2011. Assessment of gender related issues to HIV/AIDS risk and the obstacles hindering equal access to appropriate services for prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. 
  • 2010-2011. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tuberculosis among groups most susceptible to tuberculosis.
  • 2011. Improving the right to access to social and health services for drug using Roma. 
  • 2010. Mapping and assessment of the conditions and possibilities for rehabilitation and re-socialization of drug dependent inmates from the Penitentiary Idrizovo.
  • 2008. Quick assessment and response to the needs and possibilities for improvement of needs and possibilities for carrying out activities for prevention and help when using drugs among high school youth in the City of Skopje. 
  • 2006. Opioid overdose: prevalence, risk factors and interventions. 
  • 2001-2003. Assessment of the risk behavior of drug injecting people and risk factors related to the use of drugs and HIV/AIDS and other BSTD in the Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2000. Assessment of the risk behavior of people using drugs among the Roma population in the Skopje suburb of Shuto Orizari.